Beijing will make utmost efforts to achieve peaceful reunification with Taiwan but reserves the right to take all the necessary measures, according to a white paper titled The Taiwan Question and China's Reunification in the New Era, which was published by China’s Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council and the State Council Information Office on Wednesday.
"We are ready to create vast space for peaceful reunification but we will leave no room for separatist activities in any form," the document reads.
"We will work with the greatest sincerity and exert our utmost efforts to achieve peaceful reunification. But we will not renounce the use of force, and we reserve the option of taking all necessary measures. This is to guard against external interference and all separatist activities. In no way does it target our fellow Chinese in Taiwan. Use of force would be the last resort taken under compelling circumstances," the document adds.
The Chinese armed forces launched military exercises involving live firing in six areas around Taiwan the next day after US House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taipei.